Art & Language
Art & Language originated in 1966 at Coventry College of Art in England, from discussions between four teachers: Terry Atkinson, Michael Baldwin, Harold Hurrell and David Bainbridge. The earliest works probed the critical assumptions of mainstream modern art practice and criticism. Originating out of deliberations between members, the works are varied and resist easy categorization, but the central philosophy and dynamic was to give concrete form to the process of collaboration and discussion. The first issue of the Art & Language journal was published in 1969 and the group provided a common identity for other artists already involved in collaboration and conceptual art. By the 1970's the collective comprised up to 50 artists, with a strong contingent in New York, whose relative anonymity has had historical influence.